Greetings everyone. I searched around a bit but I didn’t find anything addressing my specific questions. I apologize if this has been covered before.
I have been tasked with determining the Fair Market Value of some mineral interests and royalty interests in Reeves County, Texas (much of it is non-contiguous) because of a relative who just died. (We need to figure out approximately how much it was worth when she died). I only need ballpark estimates and I’ve been told to just do my best. (Its just hard to do my best when I’m not even sure how to get started)
(By the way, I’m not trying to determine how much they are worth so I can sell. I’m well aware of the wisdom of hanging on to mineral interests)
Of the mineral interests, some have been leased, some have not been leased, but none of them are producing (ie, no active wells). So here’s what I’m wondering about:
(1) For mineral interests that have been leased, would I use some kind of formula based on the lease consideration to determine the fair market value? I have been advised by someone that I shouldn’t do that because the leasing company is basically gambling/speculating and they don’t know how much the minerals are worth. They are hoping/guessing/betting that they will find extractable resources on the leased lands, but they don’t know whether they will or not until they try and are able to begin producing. In other words, as someone online said somewhere else, “If the minerals aren’t producing, any value you put on them is speculation”. What would you all do?
(2) For mineral interests that haven’t even been leased, I’m even less sure of what to do. It was suggested that I check to see if mineral interests in the general vicinity have been selling and make my estimate based on those sales. The problem is: (a) I don’t know where I would find sale information and I have no budget to pay for a service to get sale information; (b) I have been advised that conveyances of mineral interests often don’t say what the actual consideration was (its usually “$10 or $100 and OVC (other valuable consideration?)”; and © mineral interests are often transferred between family members as gifts or inheritance (for instance, my family got its interests by gift and inheritance) and so there is not going to be any sale price. What would you all do?
As for Royalty Interests, we have a royalty interest in a producing well, and I think I have a handle on what to do about that, but we have royalty interests in a few pieces of land that don’t produce (that is, we don’t have mineral AND royalty, but JUST royalty). My grandpa had them when he died and passed them on to his children. My understanding is that you only get something out of a royalty interest when the land is producing. Well, some of these pieces of land have never produced as far as I know. Would they have ANY value? A friend suggested just putting them down as $1 or $10 (not per acre, but total to section) but that seems too arbitrary. What would you all do?
Well, I hope that’s not too confusing or lengthy. Any advice anyone might have would be helpful. And again, I don’t need the exact values - I just need to figure out ballpark values! Thanks a lot!